Calculate MD5 Checksum of a File in Python

With increased MITM (Man In The Middle) attacks it is essential that you check the authenticity of files you download from the Internet. One of the ways of doing so is checking the MD5 sum of the file and comparing it with the checksum given on the download providers website.

Here's how to perform this task in Python:

#! /usr/bin/env python
# Author: Abdul Fatir
# E-Mail:

from threading import Thread
import hashlib
import optparse

def getChecksum(file_path,check_hash):
 file_handle = open(file_path,"rb")
 _md5 = hashlib.md5()
 while True:
  _buffer =
  if not _buffer:
 digest = _md5.hexdigest()
 print "[ ] File's MD5 checksum is: " digest
 if (check_hash != None):
  if(check_hash.lower() == digest):
   print "[ ] Hash matched: The file is authentic."
   print "[-] Hash mis-match: The file is not authentic."

def Main():
 parser = optparse.OptionParser('usage: %prog -f <filename> [-m <md5 hash>]')
 parser.add_option('-f', dest='file_path', type='string', help='Please specify a file')
 parser.add_option('-m', dest='check_hash', type='string')
 (options,arg) = parser.parse_args()
 if (options.file_path == None):
  print parser.usage
  file_path = options.file_path
  check_hash = options.check_hash
 print "[*] Hashing file '"  file_path  "'...."
 hash_thread = Thread(target=getChecksum,args=(file_path,check_hash))
if __name__  == '__main__':

Please don't copy paste this code, download it from pastebin.

Usage examples:

Suppose you downloaded a file named hello.exe which has an MD5 hash 5D41402ABC4B2A76B9719D911017C592 given on the Internet then to check if you downloaded the correct file use as follows:

$ python -f <path to hello.exe> -m 5D41402ABC4B2A76B9719D911017C592

To simply get the MD5 sum of a file, do:

$ python -f <path to hello.exe>


  1. This is a prototype. You can added more algorithms like SHA1 and SHA256 as per your requirements.
  2. This code executes in Python 2.7.x